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Rivers of Nepal

Rivers of Nepal

Nepal is the second richest country in the world possessing 2.27 percent of water resources. Himalaya is the main resource of rivers in Nepal which overflows from China border of Tibet to India border, and moves to Indian sea.

No. of rivers: 6000(including rivulets)

Total length of these rivers: 45000km.

Volume of water: 200 billion cubic meters per annum

The main sources of the river of Nepal are: Snow and Glacier, Rain, and springs.

Hydro-Electricity Generation:

  • Theoretical potentiality: 83000mw
  • Economic potentiality: 42000mw
  • Present Production: 600mw

The rivers in Nepal are divided into three grades:

  • Rivers of the 1st Grade:
    Originating in and beyond Himalayan mountain ranges such as The Saptakoshi River, Sapta Gandaki River, Karnali River, and Mahakali River falls in this group and constitute 82% of the total run off Nepal.
  • The Rivers of the 2nd Grade:
    These rivers include all rivers such as which have their source in some springs located in the Mahabharat Range. The Bagmati river, Kamala river, Kankai river, Trijuga river, Mechi river, Tinau river, Rapti River, Mohana river etc also depend on rain and spring water.
  • The Rivers of 3rd Grade:
    These rivers occur mainly on the south of the Churia Ranges and are comparatively of lesser importance than previous ones.

Length of the rivers:

  • Humla Karnali: 507km, Mugu Karnali 384km, Trishuli 362km, Kaligandaki 316m, Sunkoshi 256m.
  • The Saptakoshi River has seven branches of rivers:
    Tamor, Arun, Dudhkoshi, Indrawati, Tamakoshi, Sunkoshi, and Linkhu ( Arun, Tamakoshi and Sunkoshi is also famous as Antecedent river which is coming from the Tibet. The rivers are older than mountains such as Everest, Lhotse, and so on.
  • The Sptagandaki River has also seven branches of rivers.
    Such as Trishuli, Budhi Gandaki, Daraundi, Marsyangdi, Madi, Seti, and Kali Gandaki. (Budhi Gandaki was born in Tibet and Kali Gandaki was born in the last forbidden kingdom Mustang.
  • The Mahakali River has also some branches River.
    Such as Karnali, Humla Karnali, Mugu Karnali, Tila, Budhi Ganga, western Seti, Thulo Bheri, Sano Bheri etc.