The climate of Nepal differs from its geography. Nepal is very small country having multi climatic diverse. The altitude of Nepal begins from 70 meter to top of the world (8848) meter from sea level. The Tarai region which lies in tropical southern part of Nepal has humidity and hot. The hilly regions are pleasurable and mountain regions are cold and freezing some places. There are four climatic season of Nepal.
Nepal has Sub-tropical Monsoon type of climate. But the climatic condition varies considerably from one place to another place. Chief Factors affecting climate are:
Three distinct Seasons:
Mountain Trekking or Climbing Season:
A: Sub Tropical Monsoon belt:
B: Warm Temperature Monsoon Belt:
This belt occupies Hills and valleys areas of 1200to 21oom above sea level. Summer temperature is between 24 and 30 c and winter temperature is about 5 c. In winter fogs are common. Rainfall: 1oo-123cm
C: Cool Temperature Monsoon Belt:
This belt occupies higher elevation of Mahabharat range and lower elevation of Inner Himalayas (2100-33oocm). Summer Temperature is between 15 c and 20 c. winter temperature is around 0 c. Rainfall 5o-1oocm.
D: Alpine Climatic Belt:
This belt occupies higher elevation of Inner Himalaya and lower elevation of the Greater Himalaya (33oo-5ooom).
Summer Temperature -10 c -15 c, Winter Temperature -5 c -10 c and Rainfall less than 5o cm
E: Tundra Climatic Belt:
Area over 5000m temperature of constantly far below 0 c. Air is thin and snow, storms in the afternoon are very frequent. Precipitation occurs in the form of snow. extremely cold.